Familiarity with the specifications lavender
The lavender plant, also called lavender, is a flowering plant from the mint group. Lavender is a perennial plant with a height of about half a meter and opposite, slender, long and green leaves covered with white cotton hairs.
Its flowers are in the form of purple spikes and the part used by this plant is its flowers and flowering branches. Lavender is produced as a car and cultivated in some countries. But in Iran it is cultivated only, it is also cultivated in an area of less than ten hectares.
Lavender cultivation has been done in recent years for medicinal, cosmetic, health and decorative uses in the country.
Also, due to the ecological characteristics of lavender and drought resistance and other factors limiting the growth of plants in arid and semi-arid regions on the one hand and the need to reduce water consumption and other agricultural inputs, seedling cultivation in dryland or with minimal irrigation on the other hand It is possible.
Lavender in Iran has two perennial and woody species, L. stricta and L. sublepidota, which grow in the southern regions of Iran, and L. sublepidot is the exclusive species of Iran.
- English name : Lavander
- Scientific name : Lavandula angustifolia
The mint family has a variety of shrubs and trees, and lavender is a shrubby plant. The leaves and flowers of this plant are edible, fresh or dried. Lavender is one of the most fragrant plants. Lavender plant dates back to about 2500 years ago. The lavender plant originated in the Middle East and in India, as it was mentioned in the past because of its wonderful aroma and fragrance was used to perfume clothes and personal items.
Although all lavender is native to the Mediterranean, there are different types of this plant that differ in color, flower bloom, flower shape and different sizes. The flowering time of this plant can be significantly different in different places.
Where a lavender flower blooms in early June, just a few miles away can have very different results. Contrary to the name of this plant, not all lavender is purple. Some of them are seen with other colors such as pale pink, white and even yellow. The leaves can also vary in shape and color.
Scattering of lavender in the world
Lavender is native to the Cape Verde and the Canary Islands, southern and northwestern Europe, the eastern Mediterranean, and is also grown as an ornamental plant in North America.
This plant grows in East Africa and countries such as Iran, Canada, India (southeast), China, England and in Iran, this plant is a non-native plant. But in some areas such as Firoozabad region of Fars province, agriculture is cultivated. In other parts of the country such as Mazandaran, Tehran, Karaj, Arak and Isfahan, it is cultivated and used as an ornamental and medicinal plant.
Although lavender is a plant grown in the Mediterranean, it also grows well in England, which has a cool climate, and has long been a staple in English medicinal plants.
When does lavender bloom?
All types of lavender typically bloom in early to mid-summer and last for about three to four weeks, with potential for second and third blooms during early fall. In colder regions, lavender should be planted in spring and early summer. In warmer areas, lavender should be planted in early fall to keep the roots cool and moist during the off-season.
Types of lavender
There are 12 types of lavender, which are classified into 45 different species. There are 450 genera of lavender, which are classified into 45 different species. There is potential for more species of lavender that have not yet been discovered, especially since there are so few grafted species. In the following section, we have identified 12 of the most well-known types of lavender found around the globe.
French lavender ( ballerina lavender )
A species of this plant is white. French lavender has very large onions and white flowers that turn pink and purple as the plant grows. This species grows in summer and winter climates.
It blooms in early spring and blooms twice in June and late summer or early autumn. This plant needs enough light and needs less watering. The soil required for the growth of this plant is sandy soil and it grows in mild summers and winters.
French lavender is more unique in smell and color than other lavender. The flowers bloom for a long time from summer to autumn. The main difference between this type and other types is that French lavender does not tolerate extreme temperatures.
Producing provinces : Tehran, Khorasan Razavi, Semnan, Kerman and Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari
Spanish Lavender ( Kew Red lavender )
The next type of lavender is known as Spanish lavender, which takes its name from the purple flowers on top of the pale pink petals. This plant has a long flowering season from late spring to autumn and the flowers can be seen all year round in temperate climates. It needs a lot of light but needs a little watering. The required soil, like the first type of lavender, is sandy soil and grows in temperate summer climates.
Anuk lavender is another type of lavender that blooms from early to mid-spring and has purple flowers. This plant also grows in warmer summers. It needs a lot of light but is drought resistant.
Blue Betty Lavender
Blue lavender is a plant with relatively large flowers and this plant is dome-shaped and has a very fragrant aroma and grows only once in the middle of summer. They are usually dried and used as decorations in pots.
Small English lavender whose flowers are very dense and have pale purple flowers with a very fragrant aroma. This plant is known as one of the most beautiful lavender. This plant blooms from mid to late spring and also attracts many butterflies and bees.
Large lavender has pale purple flowers and grows on stairs and has a fragrant aroma and also blooms from mid to late summer and requires plenty of sunlight and little water.
One of the most popular types of lavender, this plant has dark purple flowers and green-blue foliage. When this lavender dries, the flowers retain their color, which is great for handicrafts and decorations. The plant blooms in late spring or early summer, depending on the weather.
Impress purple lavender
This lavender is commonly used in bouquets because of its tall, dark purple flowers. The flowers are the brightest purple of all lavender. To increase flowering, removal of wilted flowers is very useful. This plant blooms from mid to late summer and is very fragrant.
Hidcote Giant lavender
This lavender has pale purple flowers that are placed on tall pedestals and spread as beautifully as possible. Hidcote Giant is a wonderful lavender, not only for its beauty, but also for its fragrant and powerful scent. This lavender is commonly used in bouquets. The plant blooms from mid to late summer and attracts bees and butterflies like a magnet.
This plant is a tall type of lavender that is about 60 cm tall. The flowers are very dark purple (purple) with narrow fragrant leaves. This type can withstand cold winters up to 15 degrees Celsius below zero, and if pruned directly after flowering in late summer, it can last for years. This plant is commonly used to extract lavender oil.
Portuguese lavender or spike
Portuguese lavender, also known as spike lavender, has flowers that are simpler and more delicate than other types. These flowers produce purple and light pink bulbs on the upper levels of the stem. This lavender is commonly used in foods and beverages.
Egyptian lavender is known as fern leaf lavender because of its twin and furry leaves. This type has a different smell and is less sweet and fragrant than the others. This plant can be left unattended as long as it is in well-drained soil and has plenty of room to grow. The flowers bloom in late spring.
How to propagate lavender
Propagation of this plant is done in the following three ways :
Propagated by seeds
Choosing the right seed with high vigor is the best way to grow lavender.
Azar or the second half of March is the time to sow seeds in the treasury.
Late September to early October is the best time to transfer seedlings to the mainland.
Propagated by cuttings
Cuttings are done in two ways : greenhouse and open air.
- Greenhouse cuttings : In the greenhouse cutting method, young shoots are cut to a certain size. They are planted in a greenhouse, and after the cuttings have taken root in early spring, they are transferred to the main land.
- Outdoor cuttings : In November to March, the cuttings are separated from the plants and then the cuttings are placed in the soil. Rooted cuttings are transferred to the main ground in the fall.
Notice : Cultivation dates vary from place to place.
- In mid-August, lavender flowers appear.
- July and August are good times to harvest lavender flowers.
- To preserve the essential oil of the plant, it is better to dry the plant in the shade after harvest.
Countries exporting lavender
Most lavender is exported from France, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria and Spain to other parts of the world.
Export of lavender flowers
Iran is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of medicinal plants. Due to these types of medicinal plants such as lavender are processed in different forms and exported to other countries. In this regard, the export of
lavender in the form of extract and essential oil as well as its dried plant is done.
Dried lavender, in addition to its decorative aspect, has many applications in traditional medicine and health and perfume industries.
This has made it very popular in the world. The reasonable price of lavender flowers has caused the purchase and sale of export lavender flowers to bring great profits to lavender flower exporters and wholesalers and traders active in this field.
What factors affect the purchase price of foreign lavender ?
The buying and selling price of dried or fresh lavender in the market is determined by various factors. The fresher the lavender (this year), the more purple, the more fragrant it is. The cleanliness and purity of the product, the health of the lavender flocks, the amount of lavender cultivation and harvest in the country, fluctuations in the foreign exchange market and transportation costs, and… are other factors affecting the price of lavender.
Lavender plant packaging process
Nowadays, the post-harvest and packaging operations of herbal products, in addition to maintaining the quality and freshness of the product, cause market friendliness and maintain a competitive market. Packaging is one of the important processes in the post-harvest stage of agricultural products, including medicinal plants, which maintains the quantity and quality of the product during storage.
The most important benefits of medicinal plants packaging are :
- Increase product storage time
- Slowing down the rate of decline in the quality of herbal active ingredients over time
- Prevent moisture absorption of dried products
- Reduce the risk of internal, external and oxidative corruption
- Easier and faster shipping
Improper packaging of medicinal plants can cause changes in their active ingredients, which will ultimately reduce the quality of medicinal products or consumer dissatisfaction. Packaging is also considered as an important factor in attracting customers in competitive domestic and foreign markets. To be sent to processing factories.
However, due to the abundance of essential oils, lavender flowers should first be dried in machines or in the shade, and after being cleaned by processing units, they should enter the market in small bags (T-bags). Lavender is one of the plants that due to its unique aroma and taste can be used alone as one of the herbal teas in tea preparation centers or in combination with other plants.
notice: This article translated by google form Persian language. If you have any question or need more information please contact us or add a comment at the bottom of this page.