Iran dried pot marigold
- Scientific name : Calendula officinalis
- Order : Asterales
- Family : Asteraceae
- Genus : Calendula
- Other names : Common marigold, Ruddles, Mary’s gold, Scotch marigold
- Native : Western Europe, southwestern Asia, Macaronesia, and the Mediterranean region
Dried pot marigold : pot marigold flower or calendula with the English names common marigold and Scotch marigold from the Asteraceae family and the scientific name Calendula officinalis is one of the seasonal ornamental plants in different parts of the world.
Marigold is an annual herbaceous plant. The simple, elongated, long, green oval leaves are the main features of this plant and its roots are conical.
The calendula plant is very hardy and flowers all year round except in late autumn and winter. In the tropics, marigold seeds are sown in mid-winter to allow flowers to bloom in the spring.
Marigold flowers appear in orange, yellow or lemon-coloured along the long stems. When the sun shines directly on the marigold flowers, a special glow is created on the petals of this plant. The flowers of this plant open moments after sunrise and close before sunset. The fruit or seeds of the calendula plant are crescent-shaped and have an uneven surface. The weight of a thousand seeds is between 8 to 12 grams.
Habitat pot marigold flowers
The main habitat of marigold is the Mediterranean or southern European continent. However, the calendula plant grows naturally in most temperate regions of the world from northern Europe ( southern England ) to the Zagros highlands on the Iranian plateau.
Types of pot marigold flowers
Calendulas belong to a genus of flowering plants that contain only about 20 species. Among these 20 species, not all are popular. Different types of Calendula flowers are found all over the world. Some of the most popular types of Calendulas have been listed down for you.
Radio Extra is one of the most bizarre types of calendula to behold. This plant grows quite tall and produces cactus-like blossoms of bright orange.
Touch of Red
Touch of Red is a calendula variety that can be either red or orange, but all flowers have red-tipped petals and deep red bellies.
Pink Surprise is a bit of a misnomer for this calendula cultivar since its flowers are actually gold and yellow. However, some do have pink edges and there are some types of Pink Surprise calendula that are truly pink with golden highlights, too.
Greenheart Orange is a unique type of calendula that has flowers with orange petals around lime-green centers. It’s quite different from other kinds of calendula and is best grown alongside these other varieties for a truly stunning display of all the colors in the rainbow.
As the name implies, Bronzed Beauty is the perfect calendula variety for summer. It produces coppery peach and cream-colored flowers atop tall stems. You’ll want summer to never end!
Tangerine Cream produces bicolor double blooms in colors like cream and orange.
Citrus Cocktail is a great variety to consider if you’re short on time and space. This easy-to-care-for flower produces orange and yellow flowers and produces miniature, compact plants that are ideal for containers.
Another compact plant, Dwarf Gum reduces double blooms in shades like yellow, apricot, and orange.
Sherbet Fizz is one of the most unique varieties you can grow, producing buff-colored flowers with red-tipped petals and underbellies.
Fruit Twist is a variety that produces single, semi-double, and double flowers in bright yellow and orange shades. It’s sure to add a twist to your flower garden!
Golden princess is a variety that has bright blooms and dark centers.
This fun-loving variety blooms early in the season, earlier than most other varieties, in fact. It is a dwarf plant that is perfect for a container.
Prince is an excellent heat-tolerant variety. It is a tall variety, so not well-suited to space-constrained environments, but produces lovely yellow and orange flowers.
Kablouna is another yellow and orange variety to grow. It produces flowers with tufted centers, making a unique focal point in your garden. Another benefit of Kablouna is that it is one of the best at resisting mildew and similar fungal diseases.
Flashback offers gardeners a stunning blend of tricolor and bicolor flowers, with represented shades including apricot, cream, yellow, and peach.
If you’re looking for a heat-tolerant variety, Pacific Beauty is one of the best options to consider. It produces tall, sturdy stems with yellow and orange flowers.
Calypso is another calendula variety to consider growing. It produces double blooms on dense, compact plants, making it a good choice for a container or another environment where space is at a premium. It typically produces yellow and orange flowers with dark centers.
Marigolds on the market
In Iran, marigold flowers are cultivated and produced in two ways :
Naturally cultivated marigold petals are yellowish-orange and have a more fragrant scent than the greenhouse. Petals of greenhouse marigold are bright orange and are very beautiful in appearance and with large and healthy flowers, but have less aroma.
Dried pot marigold flowers is one of Iran’s exports and has provided a great opportunity for Iranian traders to bring a lot of currency to the country by exporting this beautiful flower. Both types of marigolds can be exported because each has its own customer.
Factors effecting the price of marigold flowers
The price of marigold flower in the harvest season of this plant is cheaper than other seasons.
Buying marigold flowers in bulk in early July to November is very affordable. The price of marigold is suitable for export due to the high volume of production of this product in the domestic market compared to other countries.
The desirable quality of this plant for supply to foreign markets has led to the spread exports of pot marigold flower and has led to currency appreciation and job creation in Iran.
Numerous factors affect the price of marigolds for export. The most important factors influencing the price of dried marigold flowers are the following :
- Being natural or greenhouse
The higher the demand, the higher the export of marigolds and the higher the price. Another natural or greenhouse factor is the dry marigold. Since more money is spent on cultivating and harvesting greenhouse dried flowers and it also has a more beautiful appearance, it can be said that the selling price of dried marigold flowers is more in the greenhouse method; In other words, the more colorful the dried marigold flower, the higher its price.
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