Vaccaria flower specifications
- Scientific name : Vaccaria pyramidata Medic
- French name : Gypsophile vaccaire, S. des vaches, Saponaric angulcuse, Vaccaire
- English name : Cow – herb, Cow soapwort
- German name : Ackerkukhkraut, Kuhkraut
- Italian name : Mezzettion, Erba perfoliata, Sporiaria pentagona
- Family : Caryophyllaceae
- Genus : Vaccaria
- Order : Caryophyllales
- Species : V. hispanica
- Flowering time : late May to August
Vaccaria flower is a genus of flowering plants in the family Caryophyllaceae containing the single species Vaccaria hispanica. It is known by several common names including cowherb, cowcockle, cow basil, cow soapwort, and prairie carnation. Its subspecies were previously treated as separate species. It is an annual herb with blue-gray, waxy herbage and pale pink flowers.
Vaccaria is a dicotyledonous and annual plant of the carnation family caryophyllaceae that is propagated by seeds. A herb with vertical stems 50 to 100 cm high that branches off at the apex and ends in a double-sided inflorescence.
The leaves of this plant are opposite and without base and petiole and have a wide sheath that surrounds the stem. The leaves are simple, without serrate and notches, and lead to a sharp point. Their surface is smooth, without lint and their color is greenish gray.
The calyx is made up of 5 regular and interconnected sepals without side leaves that form a ring. The calyx has five ridges and leads to 5 serrate, which become large and swollen when the grain arrives. The length of the calyx reaches 10 to 15 mm.
The petals are pink, free, regular and longer than the sepals. The base of the petals, like most genus Caryophyllaceae plants, ends in a narrow tip which is 14 to 23 mm long. The androecium of this plant consists of 10 free flags and the ovary is composed of 5 carpels which is placed on a very short base and leads to two styles.
The fruit of the vaccaria flower is a capsule that opens with 4 slits and remains inside the dried calyx and membrane of the flower. The grain is round, small and black and its outer surface looks uneven. The flowers of this plant are short-lived.
Vaccaria plant is native to which regions?
It is native to Eurasia but can be found in many other regions as an introduced species and a common weed.
Iran dried vaccaria flower
One of the most important medicinal plants is vaccaria, which is grown in Iran as a car and can even be cultivated. This plant species has been the basis for the production of various medicines in the world, which is used in combination with other medicinal compounds.
Vaccaria flower is one of Iran’s export goods and has provided a great opportunity for Iranian traders to bring a lot of foreign exchange to the country by exporting dried vaccaria flower . Both types of vaccaria products can be exported either as medicinal plants or as dried flowers because each has its own customer.
The export of dried vaccaria flower has provided a great opportunity for wholesalers and exporters of dried vaccaria flowers to make significant profits.
The place where the vaccaria flowers grow
The place of growth of this plant is often in the fields and if the soil is calcareous, its development is better. Its distribution in Iran is such that it is found in most parts of the country.
In Iran growes in different regions of Alborz, farms in the northern regions of Iran, Gilan, Qazvin, Isfahan, Arak plains and its surroundings, Kermanshah, Khorramabad, Azerbaijan, southern Iran, Bushehr, Zabol and some eastern regions of Iran.
Flowering time of vaccaria flowers
The flowering season of this plant is late May to August and its beautiful flowers are short-lived.
Propagation of vaccaria flowers
The way of propagate vaccaria flowers is usually by sowing seeds.
Healing properties of vaccaria flowers
Vaccaria flowers seeds have a diuretic effect. In India, its roots have various therapeutic uses. In Iran, it is rarely used for medical purposes.
Notice : This article translated by google form Persian language. If you have any question or need more information please contact us or add a comment at the bottom of this page.