Dried irises flower
- Scientific name : Iris reticulate
- Tribe : Irideae
- Family : Iridaceae
- Subfamily : Iridoideae
- Genus : Iris
- Origin : Europe, the Middle East and North Africa, Asia and throughout North America
Dried irises flower : Iris is one of the most beautiful flowers that is widely used in decorations and flower arrangements. In addition to beauty, iris also has very useful properties.
These properties have led to the use of iris to make tea and various beverages. This flower can be stored in the garden or in pots. Purple iris and yellow iris are two popular colors of irises.
Introduction and botany of iris
Iris is a perennial plant with about 300 species and is distributed in the Northern Hemisphere.
Each flower has 6 petals, 3 flags and 3 petals. In fact, the flower is bisexual and both the flag and the flag are seen on one flower.
The leaves are often sword-shaped, within each other and partly folded in the middle. The height of the iris varies between 20 and 5 cm.
Iris flowers have 3 lower pieces with a pendant and 3 upper pieces standing as a flag. The range of iris color variations includes white, pale pink, blue, purple, pale purple, red, orange, and yellow.
In terms of plant organs, we have two types of iris. The first type, which has a rhizome iris, is used for planting in pots and gardens, and the second type, called bulbs iris, is used for cutting flowers and is used commercially. Iris blooms from mid-spring to early summer.
One of the bestselling medicinal plants is dried irises. This plant species has been the basis for the production of various medicines in the world, which is used in combination with other medicinal compounds.
Iris is one of Iran’s exports and has provided a great opportunity for Iranian traders to bring a lot of currency to the country by exporting irises flower. Both types of iris products can be exported either as medicinal plants or as decorative dried flowers because each has its own customer.
The export of dried irises flower has provided a great opportunity for wholesalers and exporters of dried irises flower and other medicinal plants to make significant profits.
Types of lilies and its flowering season
A ) Rhizomes with rhizomes
This category includes the following :
Bearded or Pogon Iris
The characteristic of these irises is that they have a prominent line in the form of fluff in the middle of the pendants. The most important species in this category is the I. germanica. This plant is resistant to cold and drought. Its leaves are dagger-shaped and can be seen as evergreen in hot spots.
Its height reaches 20 to 50 cm. The colors of the flowers are purple, yellow, red and pink. Tall cultivars are sometimes used as cut flowers. Flowering is in mid-spring and early summer and may bloom twice a year, in spring and autumn. Grows with rhizomes after flowering.
Other species of bearded irises include I. pumila and I. Susiana that bloom in spring. Susiana iris has black flowers and other sad colors, which is why it is sometimes called mourning iris. It actually has gray petals with dark purple streaks, black spots and purple beards. I. pumila is very short and is sometimes called dwarf iris.
Beardless or Apogon
In this type of irises, the surface of the hangers is smooth and hairless. The leaves are thin and narrow and resemble the leaves of wheatgrass. Height varies from 30 to 120 cm. One of its important species is I. sibirica.
The characteristic of this type of iris is that in the middle of the pendants, where the bearded irises have beards, these flowers are decorated with a crown and have a different color from the background color of the petals. This group is native to subtropical regions, but some species are resistant to cold.
Famous species in this group include I. japonica and I. cristata. These two species tolerate cold. Japonica iris blooms in summer and grows well in dry areas. Its height is about 60 cm, the flowers are large and purple with cut edges and the sepals are orange.
I. cristata is short and the plant height is 7-8 cm. The flowers are blue and the crowns are yellow or orange.
B ) Bulb irises
Bulb irises are divided into 3 groups : Juno, Reticulata and Xiphium. In the Reticulata group, all species are dwarf. Juno species have permanent fleshy roots, the removal of which causes plant death. This group is not resistant to cold. Therefore, they are not very important in the flower industry. Most of the irises used in potting are from the Xiphium group.
In floriculture, bulbous iriseses are divided into three groups : I. hollandica , I. xiphioides and I. xiphium . These flowers are widely used to cut flowers and decorate the garden. Some of them are hybrids and some are old species.
Bulbous irises are perennial bulbous plants whose primary bulbs (mother bulbs) are destroyed instead of one planting season, but during the growing season they produce a large bulb next to them, which will produce flowers next year. Will provide.
I. xiphioides or I. latifolia
It has thin, twisted leaves. The flowers are purple, purple and white and sometimes two colors. The plant flowers in late spring and early summer. This iris is grown in soil rich in organic matter and needs a lot of moisture during the activity.
Its origin is Spain and Portugal. The flowers are very diverse, blue or purple and rarely white or yellow, with a yellowish tinge on each of the pendants. The only difference with I. xiphioides is the strange shape of its pendants.
The color variety of I. xiphioides is greater and its general shape is relatively uniform. In spring, it flowers 2 weeks earlier than the previous species. The bulbs are removed from the soil after flowering and stored in a suitable place.
This iris is the result of a cross between I. xiphium, I. tingitana and I. lusitanica. It is very diverse in terms of color and new colors are introduced to the market every day. Normally, this type of iris is ripened and cut flowers are used out of season.
Other fried irises include I. reticulate and I. danfordia. Which are a variety of dwarf irises and are used to decorate apartments. The two bloom in March. The bulbs are planted in pots in the fall.
Propagation of iris varieties
The growth of irises is usually done by dividing the plant after the end of flowering. Also, by cultivating iris seeds, iris flowers can be observed after 3 years. We will explain more about the method of increasing each of the rhizome and bulbous irises …
A ) Increase of rhizomes with rhizomes
Large perennial shrubs are removed from the ground in late summer and early fall after the leaves have turned yellow, the rhizomes are divided, and each part is planted separately in the original location.
If we want the plant to flower in the same year, we divide the rhizomes into large pieces, and if we want to increase the rhizomes more, we divide them into smaller pieces, but each rhizome piece must have at least one growth point. The rhizomes are planted at a depth of 5 cm in the soil. In areas with cold weather and long winters, the rhizomes may be destroyed.
B ) Increase of fried irises
In bulbous irises, bulbs are separated from the mother bulb in the fall and planted, which bloom in the second year or year.
Iris flowers are harvested when the buds begin to change color, which bloom completely in water after a few days.
Planting irises in pots
If you plant iris bulbs in the fall, you can see its beautiful flowers in mid-spring. Follow these steps to plant irises :
- The first step is to prepare the iris bulb.
- Pour some suitable soil into the desired pot and place the bulbs in the soil. The tips of the bulbs should be slightly out of the ground. The appropriate distance between the bulbs is 10 to 15 cm.
- After a few days the bulbs take root.
- Water the pot well and keep the soil moist at all times. Place the pot in a semi-shady place for the plant to flower. At this time, move the pot to a brighter place. Irrigation at this time should be done after the soil surface dries.
- The flowers bloom in 7 to 9 weeks.
Each prepared onion can only stay in the soil for two years and flower.
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