Dried artichoke flower
- Scientific name : Cynara scolymus L
- French name : Artichaut commun, Artichaut
- German name : Artischoke
- Italian name : Carcioffo, Artichiocco
- Native : Southern Europe and the Mediterranean
Dried artichoke flower : Artichoke is a plant from the genus Chicory, perennial and has a straight, grooved stem and a height of 20 cm to 1.5 m, whose original origin was in the Mediterranean region, but today due to cultivation for nutrition and medicinal uses, in Different areas are found.
Artichoke has large roots and very large leaves, divided into irregular and toothed pieces. The upper surface of the leaf blade is also green, but the lower surface appears covered with hairs due to its abundant white fibers.
Its capitol is very large and consists of tubular flowers, enclosed in brackets with different appearances ( depending on the different races of the plant ), but these brackets in different races may be round at the end, with a round or pointed appearance, and so on. The non-free zone of its brackets, which attaches to the base of the capitol, is fleshy and has various food reserves.
The thick, fleshy artichoke reed contains beautiful blue or purple-blue flowers and the fruit is clear, dark brown, leading to numerous white strands at the end. It has a pine-like fruit with large, very large roots, divided into irregular, toothed pieces.
Artichoke cultivation is done in two ways, one to feed the fleshy part of its brackets and the other to use dried artichoke therapeutic hegel (a form with non-meaty brackets). This plant is known in Iran as its French name, Artichaut.
One of the bestselling medicinal plants is artichoke, which is grown in Iran as a car and can even be cultivated. This plant species has been the basis for the production of various medicines in the world, which is used in combination with other medicinal compounds.
Artichoke plant is one of Iran’s exports and has provided a great opportunity for Iranian traders to bring a lot of currency to the country by exporting artichoke plant.
Both types of artichoke products can be exported either as food or as decorative plants because each has its own customer.
The export of this dried flower has provided a great opportunity for wholesalers and exporters of dried artichoke flowers and other medicinal plants to make significant profits.
How to plant and propagate artichoke
Artichoke plant is a product of the cold season and is resistant to cold and it can be grown in any type of soil.
This plant is propagated by planting germinating parts in and around the collar. Artichokes can also be grown by planting seeds, but the period is longer with this method.
In one-year sowing, direct seed sowing is used. Due to poor germination or lack of seed germination, we need to plant more densely and at a closer distance, and then the extra plants should be thinned. Artichokes are propagated by seeds. Transplantation is used to improve non-uniform germination and long growing length.
In the method of propagation by cuttings, the underground part is divided in such a way that each of them has a cuttings. In preparing the cuttings, care must be taken to select them from strong bases that give high yields. The length of the cuttings when cutting should be about 25 to 30 cm and if possible with a little root.
Artichokes need enough water during the growing season. Low soil moisture, especially during bud formation, causes the number of buds to shrink. Excessive watering also causes root rot. Weed control should be done after irrigation. The artichoke plant should be covered with some straw and tied with a rope in late autumn before the onset of frost and frost. In this way, the plant can be preserved for the next year.
Time of planting artichoke
The method of planting artichoke tubers is done like potatoes. For this purpose, tubers can be planted by hand in small farms. The planting time of artichoke tubers in most parts of the country varies from the second half of March to the end of the first half of May, depending on the climatic conditions of each region.
Harvesting the artichoke plant
The best time to harvest forage is when the stems are green and juicy and the plant height is about one meter. Therefore, if the tubers are planted in the first half of April, the first harvest will be done two months later, in mid-June, and the subsequent folds will be harvested in the same way every two months, which is generally in cold regions. Three folds and in warmer regions four folds of forage can be harvested.
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