Dried phalaris flower
- Scientific name : Phalaris aquatica
- English name : little seed canary grass, small-seeded canary grass, small canary grass, lesser-canary grass, guli danda (Hindi), and sittee booti
- Latin name : Phalaris arundinacea var. variegata
- Family : Gramineae
- Genus : Phalaris
- Height : 180 cm
- Lifespan : one year
- Native : Europe and South Asia and North Africa
- Light requirement : Sunny – partial shade
- Water requirement : Medium
- Ecological resistances : heat resistant
- Suitable soil : Wet soils
- Usage in green space : Planting on sloping surfaces, rock gardens and parks
Introduction of phalaris plant
Dried phalaris flower : Leaves and annual weed phalaris with the scientific name Phalaris minor RETZ belongs to the gramineae family. This plant has the potential to become an invasive plant. There are currently four species in Iran that often grow as weeds in agricultural lands.
These four species are :
- Ph. arundinaceae (L.)
- Ph. brachystachys
- Ph. minor RETZ
- Ph. paradoxa L.
Phalaris plant is one of the export goods of Iran and has provided a great opportunity for Iranian traders to bring a lot of currency to the country by exporting dried phalaris flower.
Cultivation and propagation of dried phalaris flower ( can be used in decorations and flower arrangements of interior decoration ) due to their unique beauty, have many customers and therefore bring significant benefits to producers.
The export of dried phalaris flower has provided a great opportunity for wholesalers and exporters of dried phalaris flower to make significant profits.
Perennial plant, with creeping and thick rhizome with flat petiole, linear, pointed, dimensions 1-5 / 1 × 35 cm, without hairs or in two levels and margin and rough tip of small and green flowers, integrated in the terminal panicle Composed of oval spikelets with dimensions of 1-3 × 20 cm, more or less discontinuous, oval, spikelets 5-6.5 mm long, green or purple-green, folders the same height as the spikelets, have Three-striped, round and non-finned dorsal surface, sterile outer sheath, broad bayonet, 1-1.5 mm long, slightly hairy, inner sheath in upper flower 3-4 mm long, covered with dense hairs or sometimes without cracks.
It is an annual herbaceous plant with straight or curved stems, 30 to 130 cm high, which is propagated by seeds. This plant has branches that originate from its base and are smooth and hairless. The leaves are smooth, slender, pointed, almost bluish green and 30 cm long.
The inflorescence is a cylindrical panicle, dense and elongated or ovoid, 2 to 5 cm long. Spikelets are 4.5 to 5.5 mm long and have one or more jag.
The infertile lema is 2 and sometimes 1 and the rhombus and the fertile cap are oval in shape and about 3 mm long, pointed and hairy. Seeds are loose or with brackets, swollen, elongated, hairy, grayish green and opaque or translucent.
Place of growth and distribution of phalaris plant
The natural distribution of the plant is in deserts, steppes, sandy soils and silty soils. This weed is found in various fields, especially vegetables, peas, sugar beets, cereals, legumes and orchards. It is an annual weed and is a grass that is more common in winter crops.
Flowering time of phalaris plant
The time of growth of this seedling is from November to March and the flowering time of phalaris plant is usually in the middle of March to the end of June.
How to propagate phalaris plant
phalaris is propagated by seeds.
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