Phalaris specifications

  • Scientific name : Phalaris aquatica
  • English name : little seed canary grass, small-seeded canary grass, small canary grass, lesser-canary grass, guli danda (Hindi), and sittee booti
  • Latin name : Phalaris arundinacea var. variegata
  • Family : Gramineae
  • Genus : Phalaris
  • Height : 180 cm
  • Lifespan : one year
  • Native : Europe and South Asia and North Africa
  • Light requirement : Sunny – partial shade
  • Water requirement : Medium
  • Ecological resistances : heat resistant
  • Suitable soil : Wet soils
  • Usage in green space : Planting on sloping surfaces, rock gardens and parks

Dried phalaris flower : Phalaris is annual plant with the scientific name Phalaris minor RETZ belongs to the gramineae family. This plant has the potential to become an invasive plant. There are currently four species in Iran that often grow as weeds in agricultural lands.

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Phalaris plant

Phalaris is annual or perennial plant, with creeping and thick rhizome with flat petiole, linear, pointed, dimensions 1-5 / 1 × 35 cm, without hairs or in two levels and margin and rough tip of small and green flowers, integrated in the terminal panicle Composed of oval spikelets with dimensions of 1-3 × 20 cm, more or less discontinuous, oval, spikelets 5-6.5 mm long, green or purple-green, folders the same height as the spikelets, have Three-striped, round and non-finned.

dorsal surface, sterile outer sheath, broad bayonet, 1-1.5 mm long, slightly hairy, inner sheath in upper flower 3-4 mm long, covered with dense hairs or sometimes without cracks.

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These four species phalaris are :

  •  Phalaris amethystina Trin.
  • Phalaris angusta – timothy canarygrass
  • Phalaris aquatica – bulbous canarygrass, Harding grass, Hardinggrass (syn. Phalaris tuberosa)
  • Phalaris arundinacea – reed canary grass, reed canarygrass
  • Phalaris brachystachys – shortspike canarygrass
  • Phalaris californica – California canarygrass
  • Phalaris canariensis – annual canarygrass, common canary grass, common canarygrass
  • Phalaris caroliniana – Carolina canarygrass, maygrass, see Eastern Agricultural Complex
  • Phalaris coerulescens – sunolgrass
  • Phalaris commutata
  • Phalaris elongata Braun-Blanq.
  • Phalaris lemmonii – Lemmon’s canarygrass
  • Phalaris minor – canarygrass, littleseed canarygrass
  • Phalaris paradoxa – hood canarygrass
  • Phalaris platensis Henrard ex Wacht.
  • Phalaris truncata Guss. ex Bertol

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Dried phalaris plant

Phalaris plant is one of the export goods of Iran and has provided a great opportunity for Iranian traders to bring a lot of currency to the country by exporting dried phalaris flower.

Cultivation and propagation of dried phalaris flower ( can be used in decorations and flower arrangements of interior decoration ) due to their unique beauty, have many customers and therefore bring significant benefits to producers.

The export of dried phalaris flower has provided a great opportunity for wholesalers and exporters of dried phalaris flower to make significant profits

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Dried phalaris flower

Dried phalaris flower

Vegetative organs

It is herbaceous plant with straight or curved stems, 30 to 130 cm high, which is propagated by seeds. This plant has branches that originate from its base and are smooth and hairless. The leaves are smooth, slender, pointed, almost bluish green and 30 cm long.

Reproductive organs

The inflorescence is a cylindrical panicle, dense and elongated or ovoid, 2 to 5 cm long. Spikelets are 4.5 to 5.5 mm long and have one or more jag.

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Place of growth and distribution of phalaris plant

The natural distribution of the plant is in deserts, steppes, sandy soils and silty soils. This weed is found in various fields, especially vegetables, peas, sugar beets, cereals, legumes and orchards. It is an annual weed and is a grass that is more common in winter crops.

Flowering time of phalaris plant

The time of growth of this seedling is from November to March and the flowering time of phalaris plant is usually in the middle of March to the end of June.

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How to propagate phalaris plant

phalaris is propagated by seeds.

Notice : This article translated by google form Persian language. If you have any question or need more information please contact us or add a comment at the bottom of this page.

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