Dried safflower plant
Dried safflower plant : Safflower with Scientific name Carthamus tinctorius, is a highly branched, herbaceous, thistle-like annual plant in the family Asteraceae. Safflower is also known by other names such as American saffron, oil thistle, false saffron, dyer’s saffron, majestic orange, zaffer and Mexican saffron. It is hard to pinpoint the exact origin of the safflower as it is widespread throughout the world, but it is widely assumed that it originated in Anatolia.
The plant in its current form, Carthamus tinctorius, is probably a hybrid cultivated from the cross-breeding of the species Carthamus persicus and Carthamus palaestinus at some point in the distant past. We know that the plant was used for dyeing textiles in Egypt as early as 3500 BC.
Although safflower is an annual plant, in the tropics and subtropics it has been known to overwinter. In Central Europe, however, the specimens that germinate in autumn usually do not make it through the winter. Only spring seedlings will flower in the same year. Its slightly branched main stems reach 60 to 130 cm in height and form a rosette of leaves.
for more information please read Iran safflower plant specification .
- Scientific name : Carthamus tinctorius
- Other names : American saffron, oil thistle, false saffron, dyer’s saffron, majestic orange, zaffer and Mexican saffron
- Order : Asterales
- Family : Asteraceae
- Genus : Carthamus
- Species : C. tinctorium
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