Dried chamomile flower
Dried chamomile flower : Chamomile is one of the oldest medicinal plants known to man and is scientifically known as Matricaria Chamonail. Among the various types of chamomile, the Roman chamomile type is more famous. The scientific name of this plant is Chamaemelum nobile and it has a fragrant smell that grows in meadows and sandy soils.The stem is whitish green, the leaves are small, alternate and have narrow, irregular, hairy hairs. The height of this plant varies between 30 to 70 cm and its stem has branches, each of which leads to capitulas 1.5 to 2 cm in diameter.
The flowers of chamomile plant are composed of two types of tabular and tubular florets and are observed at the end of the stem. The lateral petals of the tongue are white and their number is different and between 12 to 18 in each flower and these florets are considered female sexually. The diameter of chamomile flowers varies and varies between 1.5 to 3 cm. One of the characteristics of German chamomile flowers that distinguishes it from other species with similar flowers is the presence of empty space between the flowers.
So that if the flowers are cut longitudinally, empty space can be seen between them, while this space is not seen in other plant species. In addition, chamomile flowers will be conical when they open and develop.
Chamomile flower is a native plant of the Mediterranean region, but its origin has been reported in Asia Minor. Of course, this plant is widely distributed today in Europe, West Asia, North Africa, North and South America and Australia.
In Iran, different species of matricaria grow in different parts of the country, but the genus Matricaria chamomile is found in the western region of Lorestan between Khorramabad and Doroud, northwest of Andimeshk, in Khuzestan, Salehabad Haftgol, Shushtar, Shiraz, Iranshahr and around Tehran. . Crop production of this product in the country is mainly done in the provinces of Isfahan, Shiraz, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Golestan and Hamedan. for more information please read Iran chamomile flower specification .
Chamomile flower specifications
- Scientific name : Matricaria chamomilla
- Order : Asterales
- Family : Asteraceae
- Genus : Chamaemelum
- Species : C. nobile
- English name : Common chamomile, German chamomile
- French name : C. commune, Camomille d ’Allemagne, Matricair camomille
- German name : Gemeine Kamille, Echte – kamille, Kamille
- Italian names : Antemide, Capomilla, Matricaria, Camomilla
- Native : Mediterranean region, Asia Minor, Europe, West Asia, North Africa, North and South America and Australia.
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